Mortality is another word for death. The mortality rate measures how many people die in a defined group or population (such as a city or a country) during a specified time period. The deaths are often measured per 1,000 or 100,000 people. For example, if there were 60 deaths in one year in a population of 30,000, then the mortality rate would be 200 per 100,000.
Morbidity means illness, and one person can have several comorbidities at the same time. The morbidity rate is often mathematically calculated as the mortality rate, but it measures illness rather than death.